Future Options In Science
Emerging Careers for Science Students
Emerging Careers for Science Students
Do you remember what life was like when smartphones didn’t exist?
How about Uber/Ola cab services?
Or online food ordering?
Rewinding 4-5 years of our lives would make us realize that things have changed a lot. Remarkable changes have been made in science and technology that might have been unthinkable just a few years back. And they keep making our lives simpler and faster.
When we think about science careers the first words that come to mind our Engineering, Medicine Architecture, and so on. But we forget the fact that the career in these fields keeps on evolving.
So, it is better to stay updated with the career trends! We have made a list of 9 emerging career options in sciences that are highly creative and emerging with modern age.
1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
In the computer-run world of today, you are bound to have heard the two buzzwords, ‘Artificial Intelligence’ and ‘Machine Learning’ flying around. But what are they exactly? In the field of computer science “Artificial Intelligence” deals with the creation of smart machines and systems that have think ability and processing like humans.
For example, voice recognition systems like Siri and Alexa use the power of machine learning to understand human language and respond to it intelligently. Facebook can recognize familiar faces from your contact list through its algorithms and automatically makes accurate suggestions for tagging your friends.
From Netflix to Uber, each of the applications you use, utilise artificial intelligence and machine learning which makes it faster, effective and more personal technologies. Artificial intelligence (AI) is about to create over 2.3 million job opportunities by 2020. Thus, artificial intelligence is one of the fastest emerging fields in the domain of science and technology.
Course to pursue: B.Tech degree in computer science, followed by a Master of Science in Machine Learning/ Computer Science/ Mathematics is required.
2. Big Data, Data Analytics and Data Science
Data exists in many forms, the online purchases from store, the type of accounts you follow on Instagram or the words you search on Google are all data. These datas are valued by the organizations because it helps them understand patterns and trends to set business decisions accordingly through the inferences drawn from the data. For example, online shopping stores keeps data from thousands of customers to make better product recommendations.
Data Scientists, Big Data Engineers, Data Analysts, Data Managers are required to make sense of this data and find patterns in it to enable decision-making. LinkedIn ranked Data Scientists and Big Data Engineers among the top emerging jobs in 2017 reports.
Course to pursue: Degree in computer science (B.Tech/B.Sc/BCA) will help you develop skills in programming languages such as Python, Java, Perl, etc. Also, you can take up certifications in Business Analytics and Intelligence, Data Analytics and Data Science.
3. Ethical Hacking and Cyber Security (Editing)
With businesses going digital, they are more vulnerable than ever to cyber crimes and threats. That’s why Ethical Hacking, no doubt, is one of the most demanding professions of today’s world. An Ethical Hacker is a network and computer expert who attempts to penetrate a company’s security system to identify weaknesses in it. They are very important in helping companies improve their Internet security.
The cybersecurity sector is likely to grow by 28% by 2026. Even in India the organizations are under the threat of cyber attacks whether they are big or small thus employ ethical hackers to safeguard their information.
Course to pursue: Certificate courses in Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator and Certified Security Analyst.
Note: Background in computer field is recommended.
What comes to our mind when we imagine future , say 10,20 or even 50 years? Even if you haven’t seen a single sci-fi movie, you will still answer ‘Robots’. Robots much a part of our present world. They are already being used to perform, automate industrial tasks, explore space, surgeries, defuse bombs, and perform tasks that might be dangerous for humans.
Not just this, advancements have rendered us with humanoid robots that can walk, talk, and express emotions like us thus it is safe to say that the future of technology lies in this domain.
With great moving force of robotics, there is a requirement of engineers to build and program them. Engineers of robotics must acquire the knowledge of mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer programming, artificial intelligence, machine learning, neural networks, and related areas.
Course to pursue: B.Tech in Mechanical/Electronics/Robotics Engineering, followed by a Master’s and/or an M.Tech Program in Robotics.
Ever felt a rush in the head seeing an aeroplane fly by or watching a satellite/rocket launch on Television? Ever since seeing aeroplanes, rockets and satellites in childhood, you may have thought about creating a career in this domain. What if I tell you it’s not far from reality? Aerospace is a broad branch of technology that is concerned with the design, manufacture and operations of aerospace vehicles, aircraft, missiles and space satellites.
Ranging from Aeronautics (dealing with aeroplanes) to Astronautics (dealing with space vehicles), as a professional in this field, you’ll be responsible for different aspects such as the design, technical, electrical aspects for building aircraft, space shuttles, missiles, rockets and various aerospace machines.
The aerospace industry of India is now one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Recent developments by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and other private companies are promising a prosperous future of Aerospace.
Course of Study: A B.Tech/B.E. degree in Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical or Aerospace Engineering is mandatory to get into this field.
6. Food and Agriculture Science
One of the most essential elements for life on Earth is food, and especially for the economy like India where agriculture is the primary source of earning. Indian agriculture holds about 18% of the national GDP and plays a crucial role in trade of India. That is why this domain of agriculture holds end number of opportunities for anyone willing to build a career in it.
Unlike the popular notions, the career in food and agriculture is not only about ploughing fields or farming but it is a technologically advanced field with constant innovations and cutting edge research. Horticulture, Agriculture biotechnology, Dairy Technology, Agronomy, Pisciculture, Food technology are some of the avenues you can look forward to build your career in this domain.
The goal is to improve both the quality and quantity of dairy products, crops, agricultural products and food patterns. As such, it involves a strong dedication to experimenting and surveying food production, preservation techniques and the study of soils and crops.
Course to pursue: Bachelor’s and Masters degree in Horticulture, Agriculture, Agronomy or any of the sub-fields of agriculture is required. B.Tech and M.Tech in Agricultural Engineering can also be considered.
7. Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
People living in metropolitan cities or following the news must have heard of the recent smog cover in Delhi that resulted in the declaration of a “public health emergency.” In 2015 WHO claimed that over 2.5 millions Indians will die of pollution each year.
Environmental Sustainability Science is that branch of science which provides a quantitative and integrated approach to the study of environmental systems. This field requires study of environmental issues and finding ways to prevent damage to the environment and to manage development in such a way that it doesn’t compromise the ability of future generations in meeting their needs.
Course to pursue: Bachelor of Environmental Management/Science or B.Tech in Environmental Engineering followed by a master’s in the field are required.
8. Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering
There was a time when losing one’s legs to an accident or illness meant a life bound to wheelchairs. Not in the world of today. Constant innovations in prosthetics engineering, running, walking, or even climbing a mountain is now possible for amputees. And it’s just one of the applications of Bioengineering.
Bioengineering is one of the youngest engineering disciplines employing the principles and tools of engineering for solving the problems in biology, healthcare, medicine and related fields. Artificial organs,tissue engineering, computer simulation for surgery, medical imaging (such as MRI and CT scan), engineered microorganisms, biomaterials and even wearable technology (such as fitness tracking bands) are all examples of Bioengineering in the real world.
The industry is emerging with opportunities and innovation which allows professionals to experiment and develop cutting-edge medical solutions.
Course to pursue: B.Tech and M.Tech degree in Biomedical Engineering.
Note: PCMB combination of subjects is required in 10+2 for eligibility.
9. Sports Medicine
Playing games is not the only way to enter the world of sports. One field that is emerging in popularity for science students is the career in Sports Medicine. Professionals of this field are trained to help athletes improve their sports performance and prevent injuries while playing and manage their training and nutrition. Those who specialize in Sports Medicine can not only work with athletes but they can also work with adults and teens who exercise and are active in other ways.
Sports Medicine professionals does not only doctors but also Sports Psychologists, Physical Therapists, Sports nutritionist, Exercise Physiologists and Athletic Trainers. Sports Medicine has a huge scope and it is only going to increase in the future with the rise of the sports culture in India.
Course to Pursue: MBBS followed by an M.D in Sports Medicine. For more professions, you can look at an M.Sc in Sports Medicine or M.A in Sports Psychology.
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